Diabetes is a disease when blood glucose, often blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your primary energy source from the foods you consume. The pancreas’ hormone insulin facilitates the transport of glucose from food into your cells for use as fuel. Sometimes your body does not produce enough or any insulin or may not use it effectively. Glucose thus remains in your circulation rather than reaching your cells. Too much glucose in your blood might lead to health concerns over time. Although there is no cure for diabetes, you can make efforts to manage it and stay healthy. Diabetes is also called “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These words imply that someone does not have diabetes.
What are the different forms of diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes mellitus. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce insulin. Your immune system targets and kills the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
Types of Diabetes
- Diabetes type 1 is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults but can emerge at any age. To live, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not produce or use insulin properly.
- Diabetes of type 2 can occur at any age, including youth. Yet, this kind of diabetes is more common among middle-aged and older adults. The most frequent kind of diabetes is type 2.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. It impacts how the body consumes glucose and can result in major health problems for both mother and baby. Therapy may involve dietary modifications, exercise, medicines, and regular blood sugar testing. Many women with gestational diabetes can have a good pregnancy and delivery if they receive proper care.
Other Types of Diabetes
Monogenic diabetes, inherited diabetes, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes are two less common types.
How can we prevent diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious medical illness that affects millions of people all over the world. Diabetes and its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and therapy are discussed on this page. Read about the prevalence of diabetes and what you can do to control it and lower your risk.
What Health Issues Might Diabetics Expertise?
High blood glucose levels cause problems such as
- Heart Disease
- Eye Problems
- Kidney Disease
- Dental Disease
- Nerve Damage
- Foot Problems
You may try to reduce your risk of developing certain diabetes-related medical issues.
How dangerous is diabetes?
Diabetes is a dangerous disease that can lead to major consequences such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye loss, and nerve damage. Diabetes can also increase the chance of developing other major health problems, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol. Those with diabetes can reduce their risk of problems and live a healthy life with adequate care.